[19], On the same day as the formation of the Anglo-French hunter groups, Admiral Graf Spee captured the steamer Newton Beech. Her duties during the deployment included evacuating refugees fleeing from the fighting, protecting German ships carrying supplies for Francisco Franco's Nationalists, and gathering intelligence for the Nationalists. [14] The same day, she stopped the neutral Danish steamer Kongsdal, though when it became apparent that she was headed for a neutral port, the prisoners from Lorentz W Hansen were placed aboard her and she was allowed to proceed. The ship conducted five non-intervention patrols during the Spanish Civil War in 1936–1938, and participated in the Coronation Review of King George VI in May 1937. On the German side was the pocket battleship Graf Spee, while on the British side were HMS Ajax, HMS Exeter, HMNZS Achilles. The purpose of that foray was to divert Allied warships away from the South Atlantic, and to confuse the Allies about his intentions. [8], Deutschland on non-intervention patrol in 1938, In May 1937, the ship was docked in the port of Palma on the island of Majorca, along with several other neutral warships, including vessels from the British and Italian navies. On 8 October, the following day, she sank Newton Beech,[20] which Langsdorff had been using to house prisoners. On 3 July, the force left their anchorages, and in heavy fog Lützow and three destroyers ran aground and suffered significant damage. [32], As a result of battle damage and casualties, Langsdorff decided to put into Montevideo, where repairs could be effected and the wounded men could be evacuated from the ship. [34] Lützow was then ordered to break off the attack on the convoy and reinforce Admiral Hipper. Admiral Scheer was the second of the three Deutschland class heavy cruisers ordered and funded by the Reichsmarine of the Weimar Republic in 1926. Admiral Graf Spee was a Deutschland-class "Panzerschiff" (armored ship), nicknamed a "pocket battleship" by the British, which served with the Kriegsmarine of Nazi Germany during World War II. Admiral Graf Spee was a Deutschland-class "Panzerschiff" (armored ship), nicknamed a "pocket battleship" by the British, which served with the Kriegsmarine of Nazi Germany during World War II. Repairs necessary to make the ship seaworthy were expected to take up to two weeks. Fuel shortages restricted operations, although Lützow and Admiral Scheer were able to conduct limited battle training exercises. The Admiral Hipper-class cruiser Lützow was designated for sale to the Soviet Navy, and it was hoped that the usage of her name for Deutschland would hide the transaction. [14] On 26 September, the ship finally received orders authorizing attacks on Allied merchant shipping. [21] The delay had, however, allowed enough time for the Norwegian government and royal family to flee Oslo. [40], In February 2004, a salvage team began work raising the wreck of Admiral Graf Spee. [13] On 1 September, the cruiser rendezvoused with her supply ship Altmark southwest of the Canary Islands. Pocket battleships of the Deutschland class : Deutschland/Lützow, Admiral Scheer, Admiral Graf Spee Koop , Gerhard , Schmolke , Klaus-Peter The warships of the World War II era German Navy are among the most popular subject in naval history with an almost uncountable number of books devoted to them. [15] In early November, the Naval High Command recalled Deutschland; she passed through the Denmark Strait on 15 November and anchored in Gotenhafen on the 17th. [10], Severe weather in the North Atlantic hampered Deutschland's raiding mission, though she did tie down several British warships assigned to track her down. Engine problems forced a series of repairs culminating in a complete overhaul at the end of 1943, after which the ship remained in the Baltic. The ship accidentally started sliding down the slipway while Brüning was giving his christening speech. [8] The attack killed 31 German sailors and wounded 74. [1] Radar initially consisted of a FMG G(gO) "Seetakt" set; in 1942, a FuMO 26 set was also installed. [11] These included cruises into the Atlantic, where she stopped in Tangier and Vigo. Four days later Admiral Graf Spee's Arado located Booth Steam Ship Co's cargo ship Clement off the coast of Brazil. The ship saw significant action with the Kriegsmarine, including several non-intervention patrols, during which she was attacked by Republican bombers. During the deployment, her gun turrets were painted with large black, white, and red bands to aid in identification from the air and indicate her neutral status. [43], Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}34°58′S 56°17′W / 34.967°S 56.283°W / -34.967; -56.283, German Deutschland-class cruiser of World War II, FMG stands for Funkmess Gerät (radar equipment). [9] Two bombs struck the ship; the first penetrated the upper deck near the bridge and exploded above the main armored deck while the second hit near the third starboard 15 cm gun, causing serious fires below decks. By 10 May 1942, the ship was finally pronounced ready for action. Lützow and the remaining three destroyers would then attack the undefended convoy from the south. [29] The ship's disguise was removed, so it would not hinder the ship in battle. [10], On 24 August 1939, a week before the German invasion of Poland, Deutschland set sail from Wilhelmshaven, bound for a position south of Greenland. Repairs were completed by March 1941, Lützow returned to Norway to join the forces arrayed against Allied shipping to the Soviet Union. The ship had a design displacement of 12,630 t (12,430 long tons; 13,920 short tons) and a full load displacement of 14,290 long tons (14,520 t),[1] though the ship was officially stated to be within the 10,000 long tons (10,000 t) limit of the Treaty of Versailles. [20] Lützow embarked over 400 of the soldiers for the voyage to Norway. [19] In April, however, she was assigned to forces participating in the invasion of Norway. The formula adopted was six 11 inch guns in two triple turrets on a cruiser size hull with cruiser level protection and diesel propulsion for extended range. This battleship / Admiral Graf Spee was a Deutschland-class “Panzerschiff”, nicknamed a “pocket battleship” by the British. At 07:25, Admiral Graf Spee scored a hit on Ajax that disabled her aft turrets. Her anti-aircraft battery originally consisted of three 8.8 cm (3.5 in) L/45 guns, though in 1935 these were replaced with six 8.8 cm (3.5 in) L/78 guns. Long range was critical, as Germany had no overseas bases. Kummetz flew his flag in Blücher. The ship was also ordered to avoid combat with even inferior naval forces, as commerce disruption was the primary objective. Ajax and Achilles moved closer to Admiral Graf Spee to relieve the pressure on Exeter. [8] After joining the fleet, Admiral Graf Spee became the flagship of the German Navy. [14] A prize crew was dispatched to the ship; they took the ship with the original crew held prisoner to Germany via Murmansk. Man 9-cylinder double-acting two-stroke diesel engines escort, arriving in Narvik on the evening of 7:. 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