The lack of a general history makes understanding the conflict a daunting prospect for the beginner, and the more specialised literature usually assumes a very great deal of knowledge about Papua New Guinean politics and history and about the anthropology of Bougainville. The war, which was the largest armed conflict in the Pacific since WW-II [1–3] Photos copyright Ben Bohane/Wakaphotos.com 1 For example, Colin Filer, ‘The Bougainville Rebellion, the Mining Industry and the Process of Social Disintegration in Papua New Guinea’, in Ron J. The Panguna landowners, led by Pepetua Serero May and Matthew Spriggs (eds), The Bougainville Crisis (Bathurst: Crawford House Press, 1990), p. 73. As Bougainville prepares for a referendum on independence, Australia must navigate a policy response that acknowledges the history of conflict and colonialism there, Bougainville nationalism, PNG sensitivities, the principles of the guiding Bougainville Peace Agreement and new geostrategic realities to help forge a lasting solution. 139. Additionally, the emergence of Community Government also provides for local-level representation for Bougainvilleans under the Community Government Act that was passed in June 2016. It contradicts our way of life; what comes from the land should benefit the landowners … nobody else. Funds must be released immediately for Bougainvilleans to manage their own affairs. Bougainville Island, easternmost island of Papua New Guinea, in the Solomon Sea, southwestern Pacific.With Buka Island and several island groups, it forms the autonomous region of Bougainville. The Bougainville Crisis (1988–1997) was the largest armed conflict in the Pacific since WW-II. The mine began production in 1972 under the management of Bougainville Copper Ltd, with Papua New Guinea as a 20% shareholder. From the mid-1990s, accompanied by a ceasefire, a series of peace negotiations took place, which led to the signing of the Bougainville Peace Agreement (BPA) in 2001. Now also available here as PDF (4MB) of the original. Instead, Spicer's attempts to wrest control of Bougainville from its own people and its destiny was to spell the political ruin of Julius Chan and with that, the end of efforts to resolve the crisis militarily; the beginnings of real negotiations for peace, nine years after Francis Ona first threw down the gauntlet. B. spectabilis . 142. It was designed to offer people a platform to express their memories related The BPA granted Bougainville autonomous status, establishing the Autonomous Bougainville Government (ABG). A$25 plus postand packaging. Part 1: The crisis, the peace agreement and the promised referendum . The Bougainville Crisis is a delicate issue and Government must amicably address the situation. Tragically, it is as the site of devastating civil conflict that Bougainville is perhaps best known. It provided over 45% of Papua New Guinea's national export revenue and was incredibly important to the economy. The Bougainville Crisis refers to a civil war that occurred between 1988 and 1997 in the North Solomons Province of Papua New Guinea (PNG), now known as the Auton-omous Region of Bougainville. Despite this, there has been no assessment of the Mental Health and Psychosocial (MHPS) impact of the war. This paper was written after a project evaluation visit to Bougainville and the Solomon Islands in 1989. Poaching is also a common problem with sandfish mariculture [61,73]. To understand Bougainville and its path ahead, it is essential to 141. 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